Livorno is a port city on the Ligurian Sea in Tuscany, Italy, and the capital of the Province of Livorno. Established in the 11th century, it was developed into a significant commercial hub during the Renaissance by the Medici family. Livorno is known for its historic port, diverse population, and notable fortifications such as the Old Fortress and the New Fortress. Today, it remains an important center for maritime and commercial activities in Italy.

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